UUttarakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, is actually a state in the northern part of India. It is sometimes called the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) as a result of many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found through the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is renowned for its natural charm of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar as well as the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and also the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, using a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the area, which is a railhead. The high court of the state is within Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the area since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas inside the 2nd century BCE who practised a young type of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the initial presence of Buddhism in this region. Through the medieval period the location was consolidated underneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the location fell for the Gurkha Empire of Nepal with the conclusion from the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though the erstwhile hill kingdoms of explore uttarakhand devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of different neighbouring ethnic groups as well as the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened throughout the movement for statehood within the 1990s.
The natives of the state are generally called either Garhwali or Kumaoni based on their host to origin. According to the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand features a population of 10,116,752, making it the 19th most populous state in India. A sizable area of the population consists of Rajputs and Brahmins. Greater than 88% from the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are definitely the largest minority in the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being the other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni as well as other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are definitely the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is regarded as the widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the area, the Ganga at Gangotri and also the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Both of these along with Badrinath and Kedarnath constitute the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site found in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is renowned for the variety and rarity of their flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by way of a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further divided into sub-divisions, that are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. According to the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are definitely the most populous districts, all of them having a population of more than 1 million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate since this land has, since the past, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. This has been house to legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land of the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana as well as the Mahabharata. The fantastic Dronacharya meditated on the banks from the Tonnes river inside the Doon valley while the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is also believed to be lokpal, a place existing through the times during the Ramayana. It is stated that lokpal was the place where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has been connected with lakshman, as being his favorite place. There are numerous stories about lakshman and his attachment using this place. It is also considered that lakshman meditated by this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even the Ganga, which has been part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness since it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself is apparently in deep meditation during these two sacred cities